UN-REDD at FAO's Committee on Forestry and World Forest Week
At the recent 21st Session of the Committee on Forestry (COFO) and 3rd World Forest Week in Rome, the UN-REDD Programme engaged in several events, focusing on REDD+ legal frameworks, national forest monitoring systems, stakeholder engagement and combating corruption and illegal logging.
REDD+ Legal Frameworks
At the full-day expert meeting on Legal Preparedness for REDD+, participants shared country views and experiences as well as expert views on major legal considerations related to REDD+. Government representatives from Mexico, Viet Nam and Zambia presented key achievements, challenges and future perspectives to enact legal reforms for REDD+. Cross-cutting issues related to land tenure and customary rights were also discussed, especially how to define carbon rights, inter-sectoral coordination and local governance issues as well as the need to enhance public participation, ensure benefit sharing of REDD+ revenues and the adoption of environmental and social safeguards.
International experts presented different resources available, focusing on the legislative advisory services provided by FAO, IDLO and the World Bank, the support to parliamentary processes provided by UNDP and GLOBE, the international law enforcement response to illegal logging and associated forestry crimes from INTERPOL and finally the project-level support to REDD+ in contract drafting, review, negotiation and due diligence offered by ILEG-Kenya and Climate Focus.
Read the summary of the meeting.
Download the presentations here.
Paraguay's National Forest Monitoring System
Representatives from Paraguay’s Ministry of the Environment (SEAM) and its National Forestry Institute (INFONA) presented the main highlights of its recently established National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS) during a side event at the FAO Committee of Forestry.
Presentations from Paraguay, Zambia and FAO illustrated the implications of monitoring and Measuring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) of carbon greenhouse gas emissions from forests and the specific experience Paraguay has had in establishing a national forest monitoring system on the basis of existing remote sensing data, technologies and cartography in the country.
The NFMS of Paraguay aims to establish a system to address domestic and international monitoring needs and international MRV reporting requirements for REDD+ activities. So far, it has help to build up local capacities for monitoring forests resources needs improving transparency of the REDD+ process in Paraguay thanks to the possibility of freely accessing forest resource data.
Download presentations: UN-REDD Programme on MRV for REDD+ (en español), Update from Paraguay (INFONA) on Forest Monitoring System
UN-REDD Programme: Country Success
At this two-hour side event on 25 September, participants heard about the advances of UN-REDD Programme partner countries in their implementation of national REDD+ readiness activities and in the development of national REDD+ strategies.
Mr. Deuteronomy Kasaro, National REDD+ Coordinator in Zambia, presented the Zambia's progress in setting up a national forest monitoring system (NFMS) for REDD+. Mr. Yuyu Rahayu, National Programme Director in Indonesia's Ministry of Forestry, presented Indonesia's successes in engaging indigenous peoples in REDD+ in Central Sulawesi. Ms. Cinthia Isabel Rosero Chávez, Public Policy Specialist in Ecuador's Ministry of Environment, presented Ecuador's progress and challenges in developing REDD+ social and environmental standards.
Download presentations: Ecuador -- Indonesia -- Zambia
Following these presentations, the group discussion explored a wide-range of
questions and issues related to REDD+ readiness, including looking at the potential of REDD+ to contribute to broader development goals, including linking REDD+ to such issues as poverty eradication. A common point raised during discussions was that in order to reduce deforestation, clear links need to be established between REDD+ and improved livelihoods.
Mr. Eduardo Rojas, Assistant-Director General for Forestry at FAO welcomed participants to the event and closing remarks were given by Mr. Alexander Müller, Assistant-Director General for Natural Resources at FAO. The side event was facilitated by Ms. Mette Loyche Wilkie, interim Head of the UN-REDD Programme Secretariat.
"Green Carbon, Black Trade": Combating corruption and illegal logging for the success of REDD+
Illegal logging, money laundering and anti-corruption for REDD+ were the topics of the 2nd event COFO organized by the UN-REDD Programme with Interpol and UNEP-Grid Arendal on 27 September.
According to the Green Carbon, Black Trade report launched that day (English/French/Spanish), between 50 to 90 per cent of logging in key tropical countries of the Amazon basin, Central Africa and South East Asia is being carried out by organized crime. The links to REDD+ are clear: unless the issues of large scale illegal logging, facilitated by corrupt practices, are addressed, emission reductions obtained through REDD+ incentives will be diminished, highlighting a clear role for multi-agency and coordinated law enforcement actions. Following interventions by Thais Juvenal , Davyth Stewart, Christian Nellemann and Estelle Fach (available here), plenary discussions touched on the role of the media in publicizing arrests , and strategies to catch top of the chain criminals, including the role of independent and empowered Anti-Corruption Commissions.
The event was also an opportunity to highlight the new collaboration between the UN-REDD Programme and Project LEAF (Law Enforcement Assistance to Forests), a Norad-funded pilot project of Interpol and UNEP to develop an international system to combat organized crime in close collaboration with key partners.