Reports & Analysis
UN-REDD and FAO Explore the Legal Dimension of REDD+ Implementation
In three new studies, the UN-REDD Programme and FAO are working with the International Development Law Organisation (IDLO) to look at how legal and regulatory frameworks shape national contexts for REDD+.
The central role played by domestic laws in REDD+ implementation is becoming increasingly evident. Yet, there is still little knowledge or practical experience regarding the legal and regulatory aspects of the REDD+ mechanism at country level.
Between June and December 2011, three studies were conducted by IDLO, the UN-REDD Programme and FAO to review existing laws and regulations relevant to REDD+ in Mexico, Vietnam and Zambia. These studies identify key legal challenges associated with REDD+, including equitable and secure land tenure, decentralized governance, integrated land-use planning, benefit distribution systems, inter-ministerial coordination and definitions in the forest sector.
The findings also revealed how legal instruments already in place in the countries, for instance those related to payments for ecosystem services, could provide context-specific solutions for REDD+ implementation.
These three studies were presented at a side event in Durban during COP17 in December 2011, organized by the UN-REDD Programme, FAO and IDLO. The event included speakers from the national governments of Zambia, Mexico and Viet Nam. They all shared the lessons learned from their national experiences, highlighting challenges and innovations in each case. The full report of the “Legal Preparedness for Climate Compatible Development: The Role of REDD+” side event is available here.
Other organizations, such as GLOBE, International Union for Conservation of Nature, World Resources Institute and Client Earth have also responded to the call to strengthen legal and institutional capacity for REDD+. Hence, the UN-REDD Programme, FAO and IDLO organized a roundtable during COP17 to bring together representatives of those initiatives and identify areas of synergies and future collaboration. The discussion shed light on several commonalities between the initiatives, including geographical focus (Mexico, Brazil and Indonesia being popular pilot countries) and key areas for legislation relevant to REDD+, as well as differences in terms of capacity building approaches and methodologies.
The full report of the “Roundtable of REDD+ Legislation Initiatives” is available here.
The Legal Preparedness for REDD+ in Mexico is available in English and Spanish.
The Legal Preparedness for REDD+ in Vietnam is available in English and Vietnamese.
The Legal Preparedness for REDD+ in Zambia study in English can be accessed here.