Features & Commentary
The UN-REDD Programme and the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
Working together for better national and international coordination
The two main multilateral readiness platforms for REDD, the UN-REDD Programme and the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) housed at the World Bank, are well aware of the challenges REDD countries face in successfully preparing for and implementing REDD. As a result, the two initiatives are actively coordinating their efforts. The FCPF and the UN-REDD Programme work together both at the international level, harmonizing normative frameworks and organizing joint events, and at the national level, where joint missions and sharing of information are producing coordinated support interventions.
The UN-REDD Programme and FCPF agreed early on to coordinate their global analytical work in a manner that builds on and leverages their comparative advantages. For example, the UN-REDD Programme has taken the lead on providing its technical expertise to furthering methods and approaches on how to best meet country needs for carbon measurement, reporting and verification (MRV), while the FCPF leads in the area of economic analysis for REDD strategies.
In other areas, the FCPF and the UN-REDD Programme are working jointly and learning from early experiences, for example developing harmonized thinking on what constitutes REDD readiness (see the framework presented in Figure 1.) The harmonization of the components of readiness will make it easier to cross-reference activities and demonstrate complementarities.
At the country level, the UN-REDD Programme and the FCPF work together as the national programmes develop in Bolivia, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Indonesia, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Tanzania and Viet Nam. Joint missions, commitment to supporting national ownership and regular sharing of information seek to provide harmonized support.
In the DRC for example, the joint mission of January 2009 prompted early integration of the activities of both programmes at the national level and agreement on the workings of country-based processes. This synergy led to an agreement between the Government, the FCPF and the UN-REDD Programme to establish a national REDD office, “la Coordination Nationale”, through which the activities of both readiness support platforms will be implemented. One of the expected initial results of the DRC UN-REDD Programme is to support the preparation of DRC’s Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) for submission to the FCPF. Some activities - such as policy review for REDD, a study on land tenure and forests and deforestation drivers, and studies and consultations on reference scenario options - will be co-financed and co-implemented with the FCPF.
Stakeholder participation is a critical element of initial readiness that must permeate all other aspects. On this, the FCPF and the UN-REDD Programme are working to present a clear and harmonized approach on how to properly engage indigenous peoples and other forest dependent communities. The UN-REDD Programme bases its programmatic approach on an Operational Guidance that was drafted in consultation with indigenous peoples and civil society organizations; the FCPF relies on the World Bank’s well established Operational Policies on Indigenous Peoples, and has issued recommendations in a Guidance Note on the steps to be taken at the national level to progress towards alignment with these policies. The two initiatives have agreed to align and harmonize these procedures, striving to uphold the highest standards.
The UN agencies and the World Bank have undertaken a number of public events together (at UNFCCC COP14 in Poznan, Forest Day 2, FAO’s Committee on Forestry’s World Forestry Week, etc.) and are planning to do so again before and during COP15. The next scheduled event will be a high level event on REDD on 23 September 2009 at UN headquarters during the UN General Assembly, co-hosted by the UN Secretary General and REDD countries and supported by the UN-REDD Programme and the World Bank. Also, a joint side event is planned in Copenhagen for Forest Day 3 reviewing early lessons learned from the preparation of national programmes.
The UN-REDD Programme and the FCPF have collaborated in holding their respective Policy Board and Participants Committee meetings back-to-back, first in Panama (March 2009), then in Switzerland (June 2009) and in Washington DC (upcoming October 2009).
The fact that two institutions with different operational policies, procedures and approaches can find common ground on REDD issues and harmonize their activities is encouraging and shows that a contribution to the success of national and international REDD efforts can be made in the coming years. Many forested countries are committed to REDD but recognize that progress towards readiness will depend on national capacities and priorities. The UN-REDD Programme and FCPF are ready to support these national efforts, especially to progress from one phase to the next of the three readiness phases as defined by the International Working Group on Interim Finance for REDD (IWG-IFR).
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